Hoe die kantoorbaan je langzaam kapot maakt

foto Eline van Strien

Werken op kantoor is dus eigenlijk heel slecht voor je. Ziektekiemen, deadlinestress, printeruitlaatgassen, forenzen en dan hebben we het nog niet eens gehad over motivatiebijeenkomsten. 24 (!) redenen om het kantoor vandaag te mijden.

The stress, long hours, and sedentary nature of your modern office job are sucking the life out of you — literally.

And it’s not just the tight deadlines, stress-eaten bagels, and sneezing coworkers that are doing you in. Even your keyboard can be out to get you.

From the printer to your supervisor, the dangers presented in a typical office can have real effects on your physical well-being and mental health. Need a reason to overhaul your habits? Look no further.

1. Sitting all day could shave years off your life.

Foto Instagram/chafford

Foto Instagram/chafford

Sitting for lengthy periods is terrible for your body. Aches and pains are the least of your problems — sitting too much can lead to an early death. You face a higher risk of muscular skeletal disorders, obesity, diabetes, cancer, heart disease and more, even if you work out regularly.

Around 86% of American workers sit all day at work. If you’re one of them, Alan Hedge, a design and ergonomics professor at Cornell, recommends you change to positions every 8 minutes, and take a 2-minute “moving break” at least twice an hour.

2. Regularly slouching in your can chair lead to long-term illnesses.

Foto Flickr/stickwithjosh

Foto Flickr/stickwithjosh

If your job requires you to sit most of the day, it’s best if you get a sitting device that allows you to straighten your poor posture. If not, you’re “contributing to a pool of chronic, long-term ailments — including arthritis and bursitis.”

3. Using a treadmill desk increases your chances of physically hurting yourself.

Foto Business Insider

Foto Business Insider

Although a treadmill desk may help with the risk of obesity and heart disease, these desks are also prone to increased typos and might cause you to fall more often than merely sitting in a chair.

4. Skipping breakfast puts your body in a constant stressful state.

Foto Business Insider

Foto Business Insider

Always on the run and don’t have time to eat the most important meal of the day? Doing this consistently will put your body in a stressful state and disrupt your metabolism.

People who don’t eat breakfast have a greater risk of high blood pressure, being overweight, and having heart issues compared to those who regularly eat within two hours of waking up.

5. Regularly eating fast food for lunch will increase your risk of heart disease.

Foto Flickr/othermore

Foto Flickr/othermore

Most office-folk go out for an unhealthy lunch once in a while — some more than others — but even the occasional indulgence has negative effects.

A portion of fast food usually has around double the calories to another similar food of the same size, and they have a lot of oxidized fat, which increases the risk of heart disease.

6. Long commutes can lead to poor sleep, higher cholesterol, and an increased risk of depression.

Foto Flickr / Stefan Giorgi

Foto Flickr / Stefan Giorgi

Commuting more than 10 miles by car can lead to higher blood sugar increased cholesterol, according to a study from the University School of Medicine in Saint Louis and the Cooper Institute in Dallas. It can also increase your risk of depression, anxiety, and general misery.

But public transit is no picnic, either. One UK study found that people who commute 30 minutes by bus have the lowest levels of life satisfaction, and even cyclists weren’t immune to the ill-effects of long-distance travel.

7. Motivational meetings can depress people.

Foto Flickr/Gunargs

Foto Flickr/GunargsFoto Flickr/Gunargs

In order to get workers excited about the company’s mission, employers may host team-building exercises or motivational meetings.

But research has shown that forcing people to feel positive for something they’re unsure about can actually “highlight how unhappy they are” and, ultimately, will make them even more depressed.

8. Recirculated, toxic air clogs your lungs.

Foto REUTERS

Foto REUTERS

The EPA calls it “Sick Building Syndrome.” The air inside a building can be up to 100 times dirtier than outside, and you’re exposed to a variety of unhealthy gases and chemicals.

There are pollutants in the air conditioning, toxic particles, dangerous bacteria and mold all flying around, especially in buildings that aren’t well taken care of.

9. Over-exposure to printers and photocopiers could lead to lung disease.

Kickstarter/Formlabs

Kickstarter/Formlabs

Photocopiers are a source of potentially deadly ozone if the filter isn’t periodically changed, and it’s possible that even very small amounts can cause chest pain and irritation.

Laser printers do this, too, and they also release toner particles that can get in your lungs and blood stream, which could lead to lung disease and other ailments.

10. Spending too much time with a hot device on your lap lowers sperm count.

Foto Flickr/Playing Futures: Applied Nomadology

Foto Flickr/Playing Futures: Applied Nomadology

If you use a laptop on your lap instead of a desk, you can experience skin problems from the heat, and there’s even more concerning news for men.

Researchers at the State University of New York found that laptops can raise the temperature of the scrotum, which could lower a man’s sperm count.

11. Working for more than 10 hours per day may lead to a heart attack.

Foto Getty Images

Foto Getty Images

European researchers found that people who work 10 hours or more every day have a 60% greater risk of a multitude of cardiovascular problems, including heart attack and angina.

12. Working for a bad boss can contribute to anxiety, unhealthy habits, and even heart disease.

Foto "The Office"/NBC

Foto “The Office”/NBC

One Swedish study cited by the Washington Post found the chronic stress of a bad boss was linked to an elevated risk of heart disease — and the longer you work for that person, the worse the problem seems to become.

That’s just the beginning. Other studies have shown that working for an unfair boss may contribute to a host of other complaints, including depression, sleep issues, high blood pressure, and being overweight.

13. Working odd hours can cause weight gain and increase stress hormones.

Foto Flickr/bark

Foto Flickr/bark

Those who mostly work in the evenings — such as programmers — are at greater risk for Type 2 diabetes, cancer, and heart disease.

As tested by Harvard researchers in 2009, people who woke up later in the day showed a decline in leptin, a hormone responsible for curbing appetites, and an increase in the stress-related hormone cortisol.

14. Endlessly staring at a computer screen harms your vision.

Foto Flickr/Dr. Papillon and Hoedic

Foto Flickr/Dr. Papillon and Hoedic

Even though computer screens don’t give off radiation, the strain from staring over long periods of time can cause harm to your vision, though many effects are temporary. Beyond that, you can also experience headaches and migraines.

15. Not getting enough sunlight can make it harder to fall asleep and more difficult to concentrate when you’re awake.

Foto Wikimedia Commons

Foto Wikimedia Commons

Artificial light doesn’t just give your skin an unflattering greenish cast — it also messes with your internal clock, making you sleepy and sedentary.

A study in the “Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine” found that employees who weren’t exposed to natural light at work slept an average of 46 minutes less a night than their peers with windows — and the sleep they did get was less restful.

16. Extreme boredom may make your more likely to die from heart disease or stroke.

Foto goincase

Foto goincase

It’s not just hyperbole — you can actually be bored to death.

A study from University College London suggested that those who complain of boredom are more likely to die young, and those who report high levels of tedium are much more likely to die from heart disease or stroke. It also puts you at higher risk for workplace accidents.

17. Dirty keyboards are as dangerous as E. coli and coliforms.

Foto Reuters

Foto Reuters

Keyboards can be a breeding ground for bacteria if not kept clean.

Microbiologists found that keyboards can even have up to five times as many bacteria as a bathroom, and can include dangerous ones like E. coli and coliforms — both commonly associated with food poisoning — along with staphylococcus, which causes a range of infections.

18. Germs are everywhere in the office.

Flickr/Heisenberg Media

Flickr/Heisenberg Media

Heisenberg Media via flickr
Your keyboard isn’t the only bacteria farm in the office. Door and faucet knobs, handles, elevator and printer buttons, hand-shakes and more all are hot spots for bacteria. Microbes are everywhere, and some can even kill you.

19. Typing too much leads to carpal tunnel syndrome.

Foto Flickr/dragon

Foto Flickr/dragon

Excessive amounts of typing is a well-known cause of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), which is a painful wrist strain that can go up your arm. CTS can get bad enough to cause permanent nerve damage and muscle wasting.

20. Open-office plans may be trendy, but they’re also drastically more likely to make you sick.

Foto Flickr/David Wall

Foto Flickr/David Wall

Nearly 70% of offices have ditched cubes for open plans, but while that may (may) increase some kinds of communication and collaboration, it’s also making us sick.

A Danish study found that as the number of people working in a room increased, so did the relative number of sick days — and people who worked in fully open offices were out 62% more than their cubed counterparts.

21. Tight deadlines negatively affect your learning and memory.

Foto Flickr/servantofchaos

Foto Flickr/servantofchaos

You get stressed out when you have to meet a strict deadline, which can affect your learning and memory according to Science Daily. This sort of short-term stress can be just as bad as stress that lasts weeks or months.

22. Keeping your mouse in the same spot makes you prone to repetitive strain injury.
keeping-your-mouse-in-the-same-spot-makes-you-prone-to-repetitive-strain-injury
If your mouse stays in the same spot all day, you can be prone to repetitive strain injury (RSI).

Upper limb RSI occurs when your tendons are straining more than they should for long periods of time, which can be because of movement repetition, a sustained awkward position, or prolonged pressing against hard surfaces.

23. Smartphone overuse may eventually weaken your hands and wrists.

Foto Flickr/Marc_Smith

Foto Flickr/Marc_Smith

People who use their smartphones heavily to text and email are prone to muscle fatigue and “Blackberry Thumb” (or Android thumb, or iPhone thumb) which is a type of RSI.

The effects can get so bad that the pain can reach all the way up to your wrist and can be utterly debilitating to your hands.

24. Uncomfortable shoes may eventually lead to spinal injuries, muscle spasms, and chronic headaches.
uncomfortable-shoes-may-eventually-lead-to-spinal-injuries-muscle-spasms-and-chronic-headaches
Uncomfortable shoes may eventually lead to spinal injuries, muscle spasms, and chronic headaches.
Those power woman pumps you’re wearing might make you feel tall and confident, but they’re also harming your body in surprising ways.

Between 2005 and 2009, women’s visits to doctors for their feet increased by 75%, according to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS).

Wearing uncomfortable shoes can lead to spinal injuries, muscle spasms, and even chronic headaches and migraines. Furthermore, the more pain you feel, the more likely you’ll sit for longer periods, which leads to a slew of health problems on its own.

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